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(Disease having similar symptoms in Ayurved-Uchha Raktachap )

What is Hypertension?
What exactly is blood pressure?
How hypertension ravages your body?
How hypertension affects heart?
What should I do if I am suffering from hypertension?
Is it possible to lower blood pressure without medicines?
What are the other medications according to Ayurveda?
What is Hypertension?

The meaning of word hypertension is elevated blood pressure in systemic blood circulation. Risk of
having hypertension increases, as you get older. Normally the blood pressure is measured by an
instrument called sphygmomanometer.

Hypertension is one of the major causes of disability and death all over the world. Hypertension
ravages circulatory system and causes heart attacks, strokes, kidney failures and other disorder if
it is neglected remains untreated. In many cases, hypertension does not cause any symptoms until
it causes complications such as heart attack and stroke and plays a role of silent killer in the body.
So it is important to realize that you may have high blood pressure and only way to find it out that
get your blood pressure checked at regular intervals. Once you are labeled as hypertensive you
need to control it with medication and regular health checks. Try to accept the condition, try to
ease yourself with your high blood pressure.

What exactly is blood pressure?

Your bodily circulation shows two major subdivisions the systemic circulation and pulmonary
circulation. Pulmonary arteries that carry oxygen poor blood to the lungs and systemic arterial
system that provides oxygen rich blood to the rest of your body.
Whenever you get your blood pressure measured it is measure of pressure in your systemic arteries.
Our heart beats about 72 times a minute over 100, 000 times a day. In an adult person about per
minute 5000ml blood pumped out in to arteries and circulates through the blood vessels prior to
returning back to the heart via veins. Flow through a blood vessel is determined entirely by two

1.The pressure difference between the two ends of the vessels, which is the force that pushes the
blood through the vessels.
2.The impediment to blood flow through the vessels i.e. vascular resistance.
Actually blood pressure means the force exerted by the blood against any unit area of the vessel
wall. (In systemic circulation) The large artery, aorta branches into innumerable smaller arteries and
capillaries. Left ventricle is pumping chamber and pumps out blood in to these big and small arteries.
Network of smaller arteries tends to contract and raises the blood pressure in large arteries and
when they get opened the pressure in large arteries is achieved by layer of muscles in the walls of
the arteries, which is controlled by many complex factors, involving nerve stimulation and chemical
stimulation. In systemic circulation blood flow has to withstand this peripheral resistance.
As mentioned earlier left ventricle is a pumping chamber and expels out blood in to systemic
circulation when it contracts. Pressure reaches to peak point at that time and is called” systolic
pressure”. This is the highest reading that may be 110 mm of Hg. although the range is quite wide.
This expelles blood flows at a more rapid rate out the peripheral arterial network. The left ventricle
stops ejecting blood. Pressure in the arteries drops steadily as the blood flows out the arteries.
The lowest pressure level is called the “diastolic pressure” which is around 70mm of Hg. in normal
condition. The pressure stops falling because the next heartbeat begins. Blood is again ejected out
of the left ventricle in to aorta, and pressure begins to rise in the systolic phase of your next heart
beat cycle.

The blood pressure you normally have would be 110/70 mm hg.

How hypertension ravages your body?

High blood pressure that hammers the arterial walls roughens them and causes the arterial wall to
thicken. Several complex mechanisms causes muscle growth that enlarges the muscular layer.
Increase migration of calcium in to muscle cells that contributes to arterial muscle contraction and
causes constriction of arteries in turn.

Due to higher pressure in the arteries fatty cholesterol particles get deposited under the inner lining
of the arteries (i.e. atherosclerosis). The higher the pressure more the deposits will occur.
Subsequently these deposits become calcified due to fibrous growth and involved arteries lose their
elasticity. It prevents blood from flowing easily and may lead to clotting. The clot formation can
suddenly choke off the blood supply and lead to a heart attack, stroke or kidney failure.
Hypertensives are more prone to suffer strokes than person having normal pressure.

How hypertension affects heart?

Hypertension burdens left ventricle, and left ventricle enlarges due to over load. These enlarge
heart muscles need more oxygenated blood supply. At the same time thicken coronary arteries may
limit blood supply to the heart muscles. As a result the heart muscle may be weakened and develop
scarring. The weaken left ventricle cannot pump out enough blood to supply the body’s need. This
condition is called left ventricular failure and associated symptoms are shortness of breath with
exertion, which may occur even at rest later on. Eventually it may lead to Right Ventricular failure.
Effect on eyes - Retina is the portion of the eyes that receives visual images, which is located at
the back of your eye ball. Retina is well supplied with arterial blood. Due to high blood pressure 
arteries that supplies blood to the retina undergo changes. Blood supply of the retina alters and
hemorrhage may occur in to the retina. Fluid may accumulate in the retina particularly if an acute
rise in blood pressure, occurs with increased intra cranial pressure. This life threatening condition is
called malignant hypertension.

What should I do if I am suffering from hypertension?

When you get raised by blood pressure while your routine check up, don’t neglect it. Anyone with
high blood pressure needs to be under a doctor’s -care- not only for regular monitoring but often for
medication as well. The treatment of hypertension must be start with a proper diagnosis of its
origin. In case of secondary hypertension that is caused by some other disease like those of the
kidney, tumor etc. treatment of that particular disease should be started.
Primary hypertension is a life long condition that can be controlled with medication and regular
blood-pressure and health checks.

Is it possible to lower blood pressure without medicines?

If you master the techniques of keeping your blood pressure down, you have much less chance of
having hypertension later and you are less likelihood of having fatty -cholesterol deposits in your
arteries. Even though you have normal blood pressure, you can benefit yourself with simple
adjustment in lifestyle.

1.Correct your diet and control your weight. One important thing to do is lose any excess amount of
body fat you have. One of the good reasons to be slim (lean) is to keep your blood pressure low,
losing body fat will lower the pressure enough that a person need not take medicine to control
blood pressure. Either you have normal blood pressure or you have hypertension with high
cholesterol levels your diet should definitely of low fat, low saturated fat, and low cholesterol diet.
2.Ayurved which is very concern about conservation of health, acknowledges been significance to
dietary measure. Ayurved presumes that improper dietary habits give rise to various disorders. With
practice of dietary measures recommended in Ayurveda while elaborating ‘Medoroga Chikitsa’ will
definitely beneficial in weight. It will be helpful to minimize the risk of fatty cholesterol deposits and
will prevent complication of high blood pressure.
3.In some instances the cause of essential hypertension is intolerance of sodium overload. Such
individuals do well to limit sodium in the diet.
4.If you are hypertensive coffee may increase your blood pressure. Coffee, which contains caffeine,
enhances the action of adrenaline and noradrenaline and both are important in increasing blood
pressure levels.
5.Cigarette smokers tend to have high blood pressure. Nicotine increases the resting heart rate and
increases the release of the adrenaline substances that tends to increase blood pressure. Cigarette
smoking alone significantly increases risk of having heart attack. Both cigarette smoking (nicotine)
and caffeine have opposite action of medicines that are used to block the adrenaline and nor
adrenaline effect that raise blood pressure.
6.Regular Exercise is one of the best ways to lower blood pressure. Exercise has to be of right kind.
A good exercise programme, particularly endurance exercises such as jogging or athletics, will cause
the peripheral resistance to decrease. Exercise helps to eliminate body fat, lower total cholesterol
and raise HDL cholesterol that prevents fatty - cholesterol deposits. According to Ayurveda
exercise improves the body, depletes excess fats, brings lightness of the body.
7.Improving your lifestyle by adoption of ethical elements mentioned in Achara Rasayana is must if
you really want to stay away from mental and physical stress and from eventual hypertension.  It is
certain that stress can cause hypertension. Anxiety, secondary to acute stage can cause rise in
your blood pressure. Relaxation and removal of stress will help to lower mildly elevated levels of
blood pressure.
8.You can remove unnecessary stress from your life style by following rules of Achara Rasayan.
9.Nurture love and affection all over the world. Love and affection and affectionate touch can
significantly drop, your blood pressure, though it is in small quantity.
10.Speak only the truth:- Lying has been found to boost blood pressure, because it require a lot of
mental exercise. The more you lie, more you add tension, hence you are likely to get more stress,
speak gently; don’t get annoyed, speaking loudly and rapidly can significantly raise your blood
pressure during conversation. Sudden risk can shoot up your blood pressure higher. Chronic anger
produces elevation in blood pressure and it can be a serious risk factor for coronary - heart -
disease. So be cool, speak softly and even if it is event of extreme displeasure.
11.Laughter is the best medicine:- Laughter is as good as relaxation therapy, exercise or other
methods used to overcome stress. Study shows that laughter decreases adrenaline and cortisol
production. Laughter can help you if you are having high blood pressure. If you are frustrated,
unhappy, angry, just laugh and find yourself away from rage. It is of the effective medicine you
always have with your, without spending a penny for it.
12.Meditation: - Try to ease yourself with meditation and by performing yogic asanas like

What are the other medications according to Ayurveda?

As mentioned earlier we can see signs and symptoms of derangement of vata dosha and vyana
vayu in high blood pressure. The treatment is to correct the balance of vata dosha.
1.Niruha basti Chikitsa (non unctuous enema) will be beneficial in hypertension and should be given
by experienced physician.
2.Dhara therapy is also helpful in treating obstinate cases of hypertension. Oil processed with bala
(sida cordifolia) and milk is allowed to drop in small droplets on the forehead of the patient.
3.Rasona or garlic is most important substance helpful in alleviating vata dosha controlling blood
pressure. A paste made of about 1gm of garlic should be mixed with a glass of buttermilk. Drink this
buttermilk twice a day. It will bring your blood pressure down.
4.Eating 2/3 raw clove of garlic (prior to soaking it in buttermilk) on empty stomach in the morning
will correct any vitiation of vata dosha and will help to lower your blood pressure.
5.Garlic lowers cholesterol and triglyceride that have impact on heart disease.
6.Soak 1tsp fenugreek seed in water for a night and munch them early in the morning on empty
stomach. It will reduce your cholesterol and excess fats.
7.Powder of Haritaki (1gm) should be taken with black plums regularly at night with warm water.
This will help maintain constipation and bowels will remain clean.
8.If dyspepsia along with hypertension persists, 1 teaspoon of Yavanishadava may be given twice
after meals with warm water.
9.Sarpagandha (Rauwofia Serpentina) is another drug used in Ayurveda for the many centuries for
the treatment of hypertension